❰EPUB❯ ✷ Poopol Wuuj Author Anonymous – Agedanna.info
I had the good fortune of reading the Popol Vuh under the tutelage of Dennis himself, and there really is no way to describe the detail and the power of the text I highly recommend to pay special attention to every single symbol, every picture in the book no matter how small or minor because each one bears an important insight into the Mayan culture For example, on page 107 there is a picture of a dancing monkey with quill pins bunched atop his head The Maya consider monkeys to be their patrons, and quills indicate writing, so reflecting on the image and its placement in the story gives the reader an insight into how the Maya perceive themselves in relation to the world. Allen J Christenson has given us a brilliant translation packed with very helpful notes of the Popol Vuh, the Sacred Book of the Quich Maya, the book that pertains to the mat The mat is the royal throne upon which the king gave counsel to his people, with the fibers symbolizing the interlaced community remembered in the text.This is a personal book for me, because if family legend is to be believed, the distant ancestors of my Ecuadorian relatives might have come through the area of Guatemala where the Popol Vuh was finally recorded by anonymous priests to survive the purges of the Conquistadors We trace the family tree down from the Dawn of Creation Tikib ais literally to plant, and so in the beginning was literally the planting, with xe , root, used here to describe the foundation of the authors words concerning the history of the Quich people The subsequent narrative is seen as growing like a plant from this root The Gods here are not the Neoplatonic abstractions of Christianity tainted by abstract Greek philosophy instead they are explicitly anthropomorphic, the actual ancestors of our spirits, the shining Shapers and Modelers who descended from the darkness to organize the world out of preexisting material The Divine Parents are Xmucane and Xpiyacoc I yom and K ajolom in Quiche the Mother and Father I yom was She Who Has Borne Children the title of the goddess implies that she assists in the birth of the world There are five stages in their attempts to create humanity, with numerous false starts Finally, life arises in the brackish waters, and agriculture supports the creation of humans Maize in particular is shown to create our bodies, entering into the flesh of humanity by means of the descendants of She Who Has Borne Children and He Who Has Begotten Sons, the Framer and the Shaper The daughters of Xmucane act as the creative power that prepares the maize dough and forms it into a suitable framework to contain the essence of mankind the unique ability of the female to form living flesh is thus emphasized Yet the man and woman are not described as carrying out separate roles rather, they act in concert and speak with one voice Their activities are remembered in the performance of the text of the Popol Vuh as a Ritual Drama Great is its performance and its account of the completion and germination of all the sky and earth its four corners and its four sides All then was measured and staked out into four divisions, doubling over and stretching the measuring cords of the womb of sky and the womb of earth Indeed, the ancient Maya conceived of the universe as a great house The four corners represent the cardinal directions while its walls and ceiling form the vault of the sky, with the foundation posts forming the boundaries of the underworld, much like a miniature version of the map made of a Temple The maize plant is often depicted as a divine axis mundi standing at the center point of the universe with its roots extending downward into the underworld while its stalk reaches into the sky Behold us Hear us Do not abandon us You are the god in the sky and on the earth, you, Heart of Sky, Heart of Earth May our sign, our word, be given for as long as there is sun and light Etal sign and tzijel word, as well as the act of lighting a candle or torch when paired together refer to the posterity of children and grandchildren So when their children are sacrificed in the ballcourt to the Lords of Death, all of Xibalba the Place of Fear perceived the greatness of the essence of the calabash tree which resurrected One Hunahpu s head The virgin Lady Blood heard the story from her father and asked Can I not come to know it by seeing the Tree that has been spoken of I hear that its fruit is truly delicious She goes to converse with One Hunahpu s Tree, which causes her to become pregnant though her father tries to sacrifice her for the supposed sin, she escapes and bears the children of the Tree who travel to the Underworld to overcome mortality Christenson notes The cycle of birth, death, and rebirth is one of the most prominent motifs in ancient Mesoamerican art and literature The Maya saw death as a necessary part of life For maize to grow and produce, a seed must first die and be buried in the earth It was thus necessary for One Hunahpu to descend into the underworld to die before a new generation could appear and be capable of overcoming death The maiden, Lady Blood, stood as an intermediary As the daughter of one of the principal lords of death, she belonged to the darkness of the underworld As the consort of One Hunahpu, she had the potential to create new life from death Next comes a cycle of animal stories in an allegorical sequence of louse, toad, serpent, and falcon, signifying decay, death, rebirth, and apotheosis as sun and moon The corrupting louse is swallowed by the fertile underworld toad, swallowed by the regenerating snake, swallowed by the falcon who flies into the dawn Death swallowed by Hunahpu and his brother Xbalanque, who triumph over the Lords of Xibalba, whose hidden names they have discovered, whose deadly ballgame they have won, and whose many houses of horrific trials they have passed through alive, only to knowingly die and be resurrected in various forms chosen orphan boys, fish people , dancing in front of the Lords of Death This fulfills the prophecy of Lady Blood, who told them that one day they would no longer be allowed to take human hearts in sacrifice, but would take the blood of trees rather than that of the Children of Light The brothers come to dwell in the sky, arising as the central stars of a constellation Their children cross the great sea from the land in the East, where the first People were conceived, and there they looked for the coming forth of the sun, when they had one common language and did not yet call upon wood or stone However many nations there are today, innumerable people, they all had but one dawn The Dawn begins beautifully, but then descends once into human sacrifice as if it were holy, with countless tribes which should be family attacking each other any way they can, including plagues of insects After generations of horrific bloodshed, the Spaniards arrive in force, and officially establish Roman Catholicism against great protest in 1534 in order to wipe out whatever idolatry and paganism might have survived the purges of the conquest itself As a member of the LDS church, which believes in a Mother and Father God who have physical forms, just as the Maya did, I have great trouble thinking that the violence and book burning of the conquest was exactly a Christian act we believe that true Christianity was lost long before Arius and Athanasius occasioned the great Councils to establish the Creeds which focused on the disembodied abstractions of philosophers rather than the living Gods and the Divine Council formed of their family Thankfully, there were other Priests such as Bartolom de las Casas who vigorously opposed the slaughters of Alvarado The book ends in dark tragedy and tortures in which there are precious few good guys the human sacrifices made in the name of a twisted version of the early Maya religion were hardly better than the slaughter brought by the conquistadors take your pick as to which people were the worse transgressors in the name of their Gods And so this is the essence of the Quich s, because there is no longer a way of seeing the vision of it It was with the Lords at first, but it is now lost There is only this All is now completed concerning Quich , called Santa Cruz. Popol Vuh, The Quich Mayan Book Of Creation, Isn T Only The Most Important Text In The Native Languages Of The Americas, It S Also An Extraordinary Document Of The Human Imagination It Begins With The Deeds Of Mayan Gods In The Darkness Of A Primeval Sea Ends With The Radiant Splendor Of The Mayan Lords Who Founded The Quich Kingdom In The Guatemalan Highlands Originally Written In Mayan Hieroglyphs, It Was Transcribed Into The Roman Alphabet In The Th Century This New Edition Of Dennis Tedlock S Unabridged, Widely Praised Translation Includes New Notes Commentary, Newly Translated Passages, Newly Deciphered Hieroglyphs Over New Illustrations I was taking aback by the amount of bad reviews the kiddies are giving this awesome book Even as a kid myself I loved the stories and the characters It transported me to a world full of heroes, powerful lords, Kings, and princesses As an adult I could see the spirituality behind it The beauty in the simplicity of the text, and the stories of how humans came into being according to Mayan mythology Joseph Campbell, in his Hero s Journey draws parallels between the Twin brothers Hun Ah pu and Xbalam K ej of the Popol Vuh with the heroes of many other mythologies Harrelson Smart s seminal work Religion of Small Societies tries to explain although not very successfully the spirituality within the book You can read this book many times and each time you can find something different that you did not see before or that you did not get the previous time An excellent book if you ask me I grew up with this edition and it may not be one of the best ones newer editions come with better notes and even illustrations but is a fine one to start with. I re read this book with a writing group and still find it amazing The hero twins on the road to Xibalba It is a dark creation myth that partially follows Joseph Campbell s heroic journey, but there are corners of Mayan consciousness that remain impenetrable It presents a fascinating world laden with imagery and symbolism that defy our comprehension What a shame that this world was virtually destroyed first by European viruses and later by European arrogance in the guise of Christianity and greed Fortunately, the Popol Vuh survived the Spanish inquisition in America to give us a glimmer of indigenous creativity. Me ha parecido muy interesante, la visi n que ten an los pueblos hispanoamericanos, acerca de la creaci n del universo, y como algunas partes tienen similitud con la visi n cristiana.La nica parte que me ha parecido un poco dif cil de leer es la parte de la creaci n de las tribus Recomiendo esta lectura porque es importante y esencial conocer nuestra cultura prehisp nica. A very interesting cosmogony There are some common points with Christianity, such as a virgin who gets pregnant by Spirits, and the fact that men were created from mud yet, in the maya myth, this was just the first attempt from the gods to create mankind, which ended, by the way, as a failed attempt Their final creation was made from corn A must in cosmogony. Nearly every culture has an origin story, from the Garden of Eden to the sacred rock in Lake Champlain some indigenous folk held that the world began when the Great Mother poked her finger above the surface of the waters that covered the Earth The Popul Vuh is that sort of an origin story, derived from the thousands of years old Mayan oral tradition, written on bark in the 1500s, and translated vividly and with great compassion by the poet Michael Bazzett This book will not be for everyone It s odd, and the names are strange, and much of it seems to take place in a dreamland Yet there are passages of great drama, as demi gods battle for supremacy based on honor and strength and familial loyalty Only very late in the story do humans appear, almost as an afterthought to the warfare When they do, though, it is a moment of impeccable loveliness Humility, too humans are mostly an afterthought in this creation myth, a busy byproduct Somehow that diminutive role makes the arrival of our species all the sweet I didn t understand everything in this book, but I didn t need to It brought me to a wonderful destination anyway. Here we will write Here we will plant the ancient word of the beginning, the origin of all that was done in the citadel of K iche , among the people of K iche nation An epic poem of creation and culture from the K iche people of what is now Guatemala, newly translated into verse by Michael Bazzett.I found it breathtaking and intriguing throughout, but I especially liked the long period before the humans turn up, and how many elements of the culture are embedded into the creation story Surely, we await the dawn I received an early copy from the publisher in exchange for an honest review, but I was belated in reading it and it is already available. We found a large number of books, says a conquistador, and, as they contained nothing in them which were not superstitions and lies of the devil, we burned them all, which the Maya regretted to an amazing degree and which caused them much affliction Maybe one of them was the original Popol Vuh, who knows This doesn t seem to be it Here are the Maya, killing some peopleIt s close How close depends on whose word you want to take This version was probably written down in the 1550s, so well after Spanish arrival, in Quiche, which is the language still spoken by the Maya The Maya are a civilization dating back to 2600 BCE they reached the apex of their power and influence around 300 900 CE they built Chichen Itza and other cities between 900 and 1500 CE the arrival of conquistadores in the 1500s caused a little genocide but they re still around today This is Chichen Itza, in Mexico.This is or less the Bible of the Maya, and either it shows how similar civilization origin stories tend to be, or it s been badly infected by the Bible There is the original book and ancient writing owned by the lords, says our narrator, now lost We don t know who that narrator is This version, by Dennis Tedlock, is universally considered the definitive English one It comes with tons of killer illustrations from Maya vases and cave paintings and other texts Mayan art is super cool.The Biblical parallels start right away, with the word The earth arose because of the gods , it was simply their word that brought it forth For the forming of the earth they said earth There s a flood to wipe out some incompetent early humans who don t praise the gods enough, which is really the only reason the gods made them Flood myths are universal there s one in Gilgamesh, which is well before the Bible The Maya add their own flavor the flood is accompanied by a good amount of eye gouging and face crushing There s an awesome part where the people s own pots yell, like, I crush your face at them and then crush their faces The Maya were big on face crushing The whole book is super violent Later on the gods try again with people This time it goes better, but they accidentally make them too good they have limitless sight The gods don t want the competition so they dim their gaze, but the Guatemalan lords of Quiche retained an instrument for seeing far they called it the council book, or Popol Vuh Ta dah This book doesn t contain prophecies, though, which again raises the question of exactly which version of the Popol Vuh we re reading This is of an origin story So let s get back to it two early heroes, One Hunahpu and Seven Hunahpu, visit the underworld Xibalba just like Achilles and Gilgamesh did There s a river of forgetfulness down there, like the Styx and, this being the Maya, another river of pus Gross Here s the underworld Skeleton guy in the middle is Xibalba, the lord of Xibalba.They re defeated by a test in a place called Dark House, where they re given cigars that have to burn without being consumed But their children Hunahpu and Xbalanque twins, born of a virgin and sacrificed and resurrected later later pass that test they put fireflies on the ends of the cigars Clever Then they defeat the lords of the underworld in a ball game The ball game is a big part of Maya culture, btw, and the fun part is that the losing team gets decapitated That didn t always happen It did in the Popol Vuh Here s a video of some dudes playing the game but not getting decapitated Here s a mural from Chichen Itza s ball court, showing some dudes using a decapitated head for a ball The thing in the middle is the headWe move on to a story about how the Maya split up into different tribes, with different languages, which is bad news There s some internecine fighting There s an exodus deal, including a parting of the sea One group and you sortof lose track here of which group is which, the editors don t seem clear on it either anyway, one group wants to trap the other group so they send the two hottest daughters in the land to seduce them, and they re like now don t fuck this up, hot daughters, you definitely have to actually fuck these dudes And bring back proof, reverse 16 Candles style Btw one of them is named Lust Woman which is sort of a Pilgrim s Progress kind of problem there, like you give your kid a name like that you gotta figure her adolescence is gonna be weird Anyway the daughters do indeed fuck it all up so the tribes try direct war, but are defeated by a castle manned by puppets and booby trapped with wasps, which seem to be quite a thing for the Maya they pop up a lot which to be fair I am also scared of wasps Have you ever been stung by a wasp It hurts And then there s a long list of various tribes and leaders, which has sortof the same effect as one of those begat lists from the Bible, in that you don t read it, and that s the end of the Popol Vuh Aside from the begats, these are good stories There are some really cool parts like, in addition to that Dark House I mentioned, there are all these other houses, each containing a different trap like that Cube movie, or less There s Blade House and Bat House and whatnot The visible sun is not the real one, we re told, and then the authors totally don t explain what they mean by that They refer sometimes to an original text that they re quoting from, or transcribing I feel like and there s no evidence to support this at all I feel like that s maybe what they re talking about here This text, the visible sun, is not the real one It illuminates some stuff anyway, and I like it I do wonder what the real one was like.I made bookmarks More of my weird bookmark project here.