❰PDF / Epub❯ ☀ Sunjata (Penguin Classics) Author Bamba Suso – Agedanna.info
It s difficult to write about someone else s tradition and the way it s being told around The preview part was very interesting, the stories about griots, musicians and their instruments Now off to listen to some kora blues Sunjata is a magnificent oral epic of West Africa, comparable to the story of Beowulf I enjoyed reading the two distinct versions of the tale and seeing how differences emerged through different tellings Sunjata is really meant to be performed by a jali, or West African storyteller, with musical accompaniment, however. Sunjata Keita Was The Founder Of One Of The Greatest Empires Of Western Africa These Two Epic Accounts Of His Life Portray A Greedy, Slow Witted Child Said To Have Crawled Until The Age Of Seven Who Grew Up As Prophecy Foretold To Become A Mighty Warrior, Renowned For His Bravery And Superhuman Strength They Describe How, With The Help Of His Sister, Who Seduced Their Arch Enemy Sumanguru Into Revealing His Secret Powers, Sunjata Defeated The Susu Overlords And Created The Mali Empire Which Would Last For Two Centuries Based On Events From The Early Thirteenth Century, These Tales Of Heroism And Magic Are Still Celebrated Across West Africa As Part Of A Living Epic Oral Tradition This collection includes two different versions of the Sunjata epic the story of Sundiata Keita, the hero who founded the Mali Empire in the 13th century Each griot has their own interpretation of the events of the story and well as their own unique storytelling style, so I loved that two were included here As cool as it was to learn this story, it is definitely meant to be experienced as a musical performance, not a written text Thankfully there are a decent amount of videos available on Youtube to supplement the reading. Read portions for class World Myth Foundations of Culture 2018 Read for English Class Bamba Susa and Banna Kanute, Sunjata Gambian versions of the Mande Epic translated by Gordon Innes and Bakari Sidibe, ed by Lucy Dur n and Graham Furniss 1999 117 pagesDavid C Conrad, tr., Sunjata A West African Epic of the Mande Peoples narrated by Djanka Tassey Cond 2004 206 pagesBetween the eleventh and sixteenth centuries, three major empires rose and fell in the West African savannah, approximately in what are now the countries of Senegal, Guinea and Mali the Empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai The Mande Epic of Sunjata is the story of the thirteenth century founder of the second empire, the Empire of Mali, who is variously known as Sonjara, Sunjata, Sundiata, etc depending on dialect and system of transcription While the better known European epics were fixed by memorization and later in writing at an early period and exist in standard editions with minimal variations, the African epics are still part of a living oral composition tradition, and so are told quite differently with each performance I read two books which between them contain three different versions by three different poets The first book, collected and translated by Gordon Innes, contains two versions from Gambia the second, collected and translated by David C Conrad, contains one much longer version from Guinea All three versions have been considerably abridged for publication While this and the other African epics reflect what must have been the original form of the European epics, there are also interesting differences there is muchemphasis on magic and women play a much greater role. ENG 204 World MythologyTwo griots tell their stories of Sunjata the West African Kingdoms interesting but maybe not to read, but rather to see performed. This is the same epic as Sundiata An Epic of Old Mali Some gr Librarian work needs to be done on this The only unifying way to recognize this diversity is via the title which itself is variously spelled There is no author There are reciters And filing it as anonymous is a really stupid idea So in this volume we have two recitations of this ancient African Epic One by Bamba Suso and one by Banna Kanute Sunjata has never been set down in writing It s been recited now for centuries And because pretty much every epic let s use the word correctly fantasy genre is not epic, not by a long shot is an oral entity This is how Homer existed for centuries before being set down in ink This is how Beowulf existed for centuries This is how Sunjata still exists Really should be read right next to and along with Gilgamesh And still living and breathing epic. Oh how I love this story, let me count the ways First off let me start this review by stating that this particular post is a prequel to aelaborate review that I ll be putting together at some point in the future Reason being is that this story is one that requires patience because there are so many different versions and interpretations of it I ll begin with the version that I read first This story to me is sort of similar to The Count Of Monte Cristo by Alexadre Dumas review coming soon , I thought that was cool Sundiata Sunjata Keita was the son of Magon Konfara, his father, and Sogolon, his mother Sundiata was born in the early 12th century Sologon was the least favored among her co wives and constantly ridiculed and criticized, mainly about her son Sundiata s disability Sundiata was physically impaired and barely able to walk Now in the version I read and fell in love with 13 years ago, warriors from Ghana were envious of Mali s community and natural beauty, and decided to invade the land and overthrow the leadership that was set in place at the time, while simultaneous pillaging and plundering all of the land s beautiful contents in the process After subduing all of Sundiata s people, they looked upon Sundiata and decided to spare him, and grant him leniency due to his weak and feeble condition This infuriated Sundiata, and he becamedetermined than ever to rise and avenge his people, the land, and the legacy thereof Sundiata arose with a superhuman strength and begin to walk triumphantly for the first time He eventually became an extremely strong leader, and he lead the campaign that overtook the treacherous, corrupt dictatorship and restored order to his homeland, eventually making itprosperous than it had ever been I read this story and fell in love with it immediately afterwards Other versions suggest that a family quarrel or something to that effect forced Sundiata and his family into exile when King Narehann died This exile lasted for many years, years in which Sundiata and family traveled a great distance until they reached Mena, where the king gave them refuge The king of Mena admired Sundiata for his courage and tenacity, and Sundiata was given a senior position in the kingdom When King Sousomaoro of Sosso conquered the Mandinka People, messengers were sent to look for Sundiata because he was destined to be a great leader according to prophecy After persuading Sundiata to come back and liberate the Mandinka people, a brotherhood was formed, that included Tabon Wana, Kamadia Kamara, and Tiramakhan Traore, all names that you seldom hear anywhere, ever Other names that you seldom hear about that are also worthy of learning about are Donsa Mogo Diarra, Tenen Mansa, Kani Simbon, Faran Tunkara and Soso Bali Sumaworo, all leaders who were undefeated in battle At the battle of Karina, Sundiata and his allies defeated the Sosso king and liberated the Mandinka people Sundiata became the first emperor of the Mali Empire Sundiata became the first of the Mandinka line of kings to adapt the royal title Mansa The First portion of Sundiata s name, sun or son derives from his mother s name, and jata means lion Sundiata was known as the lion king Legend has it that the enormously popular Disney movie The Lion King is an animated adaptation of his story, and is actually based on Sundiata s life, but I don t know if that theory has been validated yet What is widely accepted as factual is that Sundiata was a strong leader of the Mandinka people , and a huge contributor to the success of the Mali Empire during his reign Under Sundiata s leadership, Mali became a very notable entity, not only in terms of the establishing of community but economically also Sundiata made Mansa Musa s success possible, seeing as in how Sundiata was the person who oversaw and controlled the region s trade routes and gold fields Sundiata also established many of the social and political policies that still abound in modern day Mali Another thing about Mandinka culture that I found to be fascinating is one aspect of their dialect I m from Louisiana, and anytime you re talking to someone who is from where I m from, and they end pretty much every sentence with the phrase ya heard me , which means can you understand me you know that person is deeply embedded in our culture and is truly from the boot shaped state The same as in the case of people from Tennessee, who tend to end their sentences with the phrase ya hurr hear me When I hear that, there s a distinction there that pretty much makes it obvious where that person is from In Mandinka culture, the natives end their sentences with the phrase ya hear it which has the same meaning and is used in the exact same context as the two phrases listed above that we often use today in our era I thought that was super cool I recommend this story, whatever version you choose to read there are many , some come across as mythical and like folklore, and others come across asmodest and based on extensive research, to anyone seeking a different take on black or African history I think this story is very different from what s considered to be the norm and is also very compelling, if you can find a good version of it I still haven t found the book with the version I originally read since I lost it yet, it s been over a decade.